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This page is a guide on pronouncing the names invented for the LOTR Mod, along with general Sindarin pronunciation rules.

Most invented names are Sindarin, and thus follow the pronunciation of Sindarin. This is the general pronunciation of Sindarin, as taken from Tolkien Gateway:

Letter Example Notes
a, ä Aragorn Sindarin a is most like a in English father or a in Spanish mambo. Either pronunciation is suitable.
á   Sindarin á is pronounced just noticeably longer in duration than Sindarin a, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
â   Sindarin â is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin á, usually in single-syllable words. But it is permissible to pronounce it the same as á.
ae Maedhros Similar to ai, but ends at a more open vowel height.
ai Edain Sindarin ai is most like i in English time. ae is similar to ai, but ai ends at a less open vowel height. J.R.R. Tolkien said that ae and ai can be pronounced the same if a person cannot tell the difference between them.
au, aw Glaurung; Araw Sindarin au is most like ou in English thousand or like ow in English cow. It is never pronounced like au in English cause or like aw in English law. The spellings au and aw are the same sound, but aw is preferred at the ends of words, as in Araw.
b Beleriand  
c Celeborn Always hard c like in English cake. Never soft c like in English cell.
ch orch Always like ch in Scottish loch. Never like ch in English chair.
d Dúnedain  
dh Caradhras Sindarin dh is most like th in English the. It is not pronounced like normal d.
e, ë Beren Sindarin e is most like e in English get or e in Spanish comprende. Either pronunciation is suitable, but it never has a y off-glide like in English grey.
é   Sindarin é is pronounced just noticeably longer in duration than Sindarin e, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
ê   Sindarin ê is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin é, usually in single-syllable words. But it is permissible to pronounce it the same as é.
ei Ereinion Sindarin ei is most like ey in English grey, always with the y off-glide.
f Fëanor Represents V when final or before n, and F everywhere else.
g Galadriel Always hard g like in English gasp. Never soft g like in English gem.
h Húrin  
hw   Sindarin hw is most like the traditional pronunciation of wh in English whale, as it is still heard in Scotland, Ireland and parts of the southern United States. Is is also similar to ju in Mexican Spanish Juan. It is never pronounced like ordinary w in English wail. If nothing else works, try pronouncing w while whispering.
i Minas Tirith Sindarin i is usually pronounced as the ee in seen. But sometimes Sindarin i is more like y in English young—it is this way at the beginning of a word before a vowel, and in certain unstressed syllables before vowels. (For instance, Doriath is a compound of dôr+iath, where iath is just one syllable.)
í Círdan Sindarin í is pronounced noticeably longer in duration than Sindarin i, and has a different quality. Sindarin í is most like i in English ink or like i in Spanish gringo. Either pronunciation is suitable.
î Gwîr Sindarin î is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin í, usually in single-syllable words. But it is permissible to pronounce it the same as í.
l Legolas  
lh Lhûn There is no parallel for Sindarin lh in English. But it is like ll in Welsh or ł in Navajo, or Quenya hl. More specifically, it is a voiceless alveolar lateral, like s when spoken in a lateral lisp. If nothing else works, try pronouncing l while whispering.
ll mellon Sindarin ll is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin l, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
m Mordor  
mh   An Archaic Sindarin sound, a "spirant" m, just like Gaelic mh. This sound became the same as v since at least the First Age, and mh as a spirant m does not appear even in The Silmarillion-style Sindarin spellings, so that spellings like Tinúviel are preferred over *Tinúmhiel. Suffice it to say that this spelling of mh is not used in Lord of the Rings-style Third Age Sindarin either.
mm Rammas Sindarin mm is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin m, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
n Nevrast  
nc Orthanc Like nk in English think.
ng Fingolfin; Glamdring Represents ŋg between two vowels (like ng in English finger), and ŋ everywhere else (like ng in English singer). It is never pronounced like ng in English ginger.
nn Pelennor Sindarin nn is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin n, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
o, ö Gorgoroth Sindarin o is most like o in English hot, but with rounder lips. It can also be pronounced like the o in the Italian word notte. Either pronunciation is suitable, but it never has a w off-glide like ow in English show.
ó Dor-lómin Sindarin ó is pronounced just noticeably longer in duration than Sindarin o, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
ô   Sindarin ô is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin ó, usually in single-syllable words. But it is permissible to pronounce it the same as ó.
oe   Sindarin oe is somewhat like oi in English join. Though this is not completely accurate because oe ends with an off-glide that sounds like Sindarin e, it is a suitable pronunciation because there is no Sindarin oi to contrast with. Alternately, oe is like oe in Hawaiian Aloha ʻOe.
œ Nírnaeth Arnœdiad An Archaic Sindarin sound, at one time pronounced like French eu, oe or oeu or like German/Swedish ö or like Danish/Norwegian ø. In the Third Age it is pronounced just like Sindarin e, so it is suitable to pronounce it like e. Mostly found in First Age Sindarin words, and most famously in Nírnaeth Arnœdiad. Lord of the Rings-style Third Age Sindarin spellings do not use œ at all, only e, such as Ered Luin instead of *Œrœd Luin.
p Pengolodh  
ph Ephel Dúath Represents f.
r Boromir Sindarin r is always trilled or at least flapped wherever possible, like in Scottish English. It is not pronounced like General English r, but this is still often a suitable pronunciation because Sindarin has no other rhotic consonant besides rh.
rh Rhovanion There is no parallel for Sindarin rh in English. But it is like Welsh rh, or Quenya hr. If nothing else works, try pronouncing r while whispering.
rr   Sindarin rr is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin r, but otherwise is pronounced the same. For this reason, rr is always trilled, because a flap r cannot be pronounced long.
s Sirion Sindarin s is always pronounced like s in English safe, and never like s in English ease. There is no z in Sindarin.
ss Ossiriand Sindarin ss is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin s, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
t Túrin  
th Ecthelion Sindarin th is always pronounced th in English think, and never like th in English these—the latter sound is used for the separate Sindarin consonant dh.
u Curufin Sindarin u is most like the vowel sound in the word boon. It is never pronounced like u in English gut, or like u in English rude.
ú Lúthien Sindarin ú is pronounced just noticeably longer in duration than Sindarin u, and has a different quality. It is pronounced like u in the English word dude or like u in Spanish mundo.
û Barad-dûr Sindarin û is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin ú, usually in single-syllable words. But it is permissible to pronounce it the same as ú.
ui Orodruin Sindarin ui is most like oo y in English too young, pronounced all in one syllable. ui is always counted as one syllable, and never split into two syllables u i.
v Tinúviel  
w Gwaihir  
y Emyn Muil Pronounced like the French u or the German ü. It is also permissible to pronounce it like Sindarin i, if at least because Sindarin i and y become pronounced the same during the Third Age.
ý   Sindarin ý is pronounced just noticeably longer in duration than Sindarin y, but otherwise is pronounced the same.
ŷ   Sindarin ŷ is pronounced for an even longer duration than Sindarin ý, usually in single-syllable words. But it is permissible to pronounce it the same as ý.

This is the pronunciation of several words invented for the mod. Capitalized syllables denote stress. Language abbreviations are:

  • K: Khuzdul (Dwarvish)
  • S: Sindarin (Grey-elvish)
Name Meaning Pronunciation
Amon Gwîn S: hill of youth
or hill of wine
AM-on GWEEN
Astras S: ash-horn
or sunlight-horn
AST-ras
Baraz-dûm K: red-delvings BAR-az DOOM
Durnaur S: dark fire DUR-nour

(first syllable sounds like do, last sounds like sour)

Edhelmir S: elf-jewel ETH-ell-meer

(th sound is like this, not think)

Emyn Winion S: hills of young-land EM-eun WEEN-ee-on

(eu sounds like French "lune". The alternative pronunciation "ee" is acceptable.)

Eryn Caran S: red forest ER-eun CAR-an

(eu sounds like French "lune". The alternative pronunciation "ee" is acceptable.)

Gulduril S: sorcery-glow GUL-dur-ill
Gwínlond S: wine-port GWEEN-lond
Harhúdor S: south-east-land har-ROO-dor
Hartorogost S: south-troll-city har-TOR-og-ost
Hatholwaith S: axe-land
and axe-people
HATH-ol-withe

(last syllable as in Pertorogwaith)

Laegras S: green-horn LIE-gras
Morwaith S: dark-men MORE-withe

(last syllable sounds like wife, but ending in the th sound of bath)

Pertorogwaith S: half-troll-land
and half-troll-people
per-TOR-og-withe

(last syllable sounds like wife, but ending in the th sound of bath)

Rhúdel S: eastern horror HROO-del
Rhúnaer S: eastern sea HROON-ire
Rhúnaerim S: eastern-sea-people hroon-IRE-im
Rhúnost S: eastern city HROON-ost
Sarlluin S: blue rock SAR-llueen
Sarngaran S: red rock SARN-gar-an
Taurethrim S: forest-men TAU-re-dine

(first syllable rhymes with cow, last syllable rhymes with pine)

Tauwaeras S: Great-wind-horn tau-WHY-ras

(first syllable as in Tauredain)

Tol Hîth S: island of mist tol HEETH

Note to editors: The International Phonetic Alphabet is not used, since most people are unfamiliar with it, and a simpler approach is more helpful to the average mod user.